AFP: Iranian supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei warned Iraq's visiting prime minister on Monday against signing an agreement with the United States keeping foreign troops in the country beyond 2008.
TEHRAN (AFP) — Iranian supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei warned Iraq's visiting prime minister on Monday against signing an agreement with the United States keeping foreign troops in the country beyond 2008.
The continued presence of US troops was Iraq's "fundamental problem," Khamenei told Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, expressing confidence that Iran's western neighbour would dash the "dreams" of the United States.
The meeting — on the final day of Maliki's third visit to Tehran as prime minister — came amid alarm in Iran over the mooted Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) between Baghdad and Washington.
"The most fundamental problem of Iraq is the presence of the foreign forces," Khamenei told Maliki in comments reported by state television.
"We are certain that the Iraqi people will pass the difficult circumstances and reach the status they deserve. For sure, the American dreams will not materialise."
Washington and Baghdad are in negotiations aimed at signing the deal by the end of July to cover the presence of foreign troops beyond 2008 when the current UN mandate expires.
Iraqi media reports have said the United States is seeking to keep as many as 50 bases indefinitely — suggestions that have alarmed Washington's arch enemy Tehran. US officials have denied having any such plans.
Supporters of Iraq's Shiite radical leader Moqtada al-Sadr — said to be studying in Iran — have opposed the pact and Maliki has toughened his position since reaching an agreement in principle with US President George W. Bush last November.
"The fact that a foreign element wants to interfere in the affairs of Iraq and dominate the country progressively is the main problem for the development and wellbeing of the Iraqis," Khamenei said.
Television pictures showed the Shiite Iraqi premier wearing a white shirt, without the necktie he had been wearing until now during his visit. Ties are still frowned on in the Islamic republic as a sign of Western imperialism.
He thanked Iran for its "ceaseless" support of Iraq, state television said.
"Definitely this was a fruitful trip. This trip was definitely a step forwards in the aims set by both nations, I hope that they are materialised," Maliki told reporters before leaving Tehran.
The two sides also signed a memorandum of understanding on defence, relating to border issues and mine and body clearance from their 1980-1988 war, Iranian First Vice President Parviz Davoudi said.
On Sunday, Maliki had sought to reassure Iran over the planned security pact, vowing Iraq would never be used as a launchpad to attack the Islamic republic.
"We will not allow Iraq to become a platform for harming the security of Iran and neighbours," he said.
Iran's concern about the deal comes amid renewed tensions over its nuclear drive, which the United States fears is aimed at making atomic weapons, a charge vehemently rejected by Tehran.
The United States has never ruled out a strike against Iranian nuclear facilities while Israel has also been warning there may be no alternative to military action.
Iran and Shiite-majority Iraq waged a war between 1980 and 1988 in which around one million people died but ties have warmed considerably since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein's Sunni-dominated regime in 2003.
Some observers had expected Maliki to use the talks to raise US allegations of Iranian interference in Iraqi affairs, a charge vehemently denied by predominantly Shiite Iran.
The United States has accused Iran of shipping in tank-busting munitions for attacks on US troops, training Shiite militants inside Iran for operations in Iraq and supplying rockets for attacks in central Baghdad.
But Iraqi Defence Minister Abdel Qader Jassim Mohammed declined to comment on whether the issue had been raised in the talks.
"This is a secret issue but we discussed amongst ourselves matters with transparency and clarity. We discussed all matters with the utmost frankness," he told AFP at the airport.