Iran’s government is claiming that the drought in the country is due to the decrease in rainfalls. But that is not true, according to Iran experts. The main reason for the depleted water resources is government mismanagement.
That is, if it rains a thousand millimeters in Tehran, the capital will still have little water because construction has increased, in a non-proper way, which is leading to climatic drought. And about the water drought which its main reason is the deep wells that the government is digging on any occasion is emptying the country’s groundwater resources, which is leading to subsidence.
Iran is one of those countries that is extracting more groundwater at 70% percent than other countries. But has become a country that has the worst subsidence all over the world. And adding to this despite the regime’s claims the country’s dams do have not the ability to store water.
After the 1979 revolution, the regime claimed to make the country’s agriculture independent from foreign resources. Not only this is not happening but the most the country’s main food supply is dependent on the import. Then they said to become an industrial power they must move to large industries such as steel. But despite constructing the steel factories near the ocean they have spread them around the country. A country that is suffering from water scarcity and its water resources should be used for people’s consumption.
Then they make excuses that there is a drought, the cause of these events is not the drought, but the cause is extremism in profiting, and even the current plans of the government are making the situation worse day by day.
Then the Ministry of Water and Electricity and Ministry of Energy with the help of MPs with their incoherent plans used primitive technologies to provide enough water to the people: Deep and semi-deep wells. The truth is that normal people and farmers who do have not a good education do not understand the destruction of such well to the nature around them and the future of their children.
This destruction is the government’s fault; the people did not know what a deep well is. Then they are claiming that the country’s agriculture system is using 90 percent of the water resources. Then how is possible with such a water consumption that the country’s food resources are mainly dependent on the import.
Now after forty years of destruction the country has no agriculture anymore, and most of the farmers are emigrating to the cities, cities that have become cancerous to the country. The demographic balance is disoriented.
Power plants are one of the main sectors of the industry, and these power plants that they have constructed are a kind of betrayal because for a power plant as many as 20 villages wells are constructed. It is a sin to build these hydro and thermal power plants when Iran has both sunlight and wind.
Cities must move to unconventional waters. The first unconventional source of water used in the world 60 years ago was wastewater treatment, rather than using other sources of water to meet the capital’s needs.
The second unconventional source is the issue of collecting rainwater. In Hamedan, with this heavy rainfall, its water needs can be easily met. A 10 by a 20-meter roof in this city can supply that house with water that year. This roof produces 60 cubic meters of water, which also requires a small tank. They are not mentioned such projects at all and only say that a lot of water is wasted.
Whoever is born in Iran in another 50 years will face a country without either surface water or groundwater. Of course, this may happen sooner.
It is not possible to rehabilitate wetlands, even if they say that a rehabilitated wetland is wrong. They are entering sugarcane water, which is full of sewage, into this wetland. Or, for example, it is said that the Gavkhoni swamp dried up the Zayandeh River. That too is not true. Mismanagement has dried up this swamp.
This also causes dust to rise from the swamp. And the government is sprinkling bitumen wherever the sand wanted to move. Then when bitumen is sprinkled somewhere, the whole area looks burned, the temperature coefficient increases and many living organisms die, even this substance is carcinogenic.
Iran has 2800 small and large wetlands. The total area of the country’s wetlands is three million hectares, one and a half million hectares of which are registered as international wetlands in the Ramsar Convention. These three million hectares are equivalent to 30,000 square kilometers; For comparison, if we consider the area of Tehran as 750 square kilometers, the area of the country’s wetlands is 40 times that of Tehran. However, the reality today is that many wetlands have dried up or are about to dry up.
This is how the regime in Iran is betraying the country’s environment and nature.