Iran Nuclear NewsQ+A - Six powers launch talks on new Iran...

Q+A – Six powers launch talks on new Iran sanctions

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ImageReuters: The United States, Britain, France and Germany have begun talks with China and Russia on a U.S.-drafted proposal for a new round of U.N. sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program. By Louis Charbonneau

ImageUNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – The United States, Britain, France and Germany have begun talks with China and Russia on a U.S.-drafted proposal for a new round of U.N. sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program.

After weeks of delays, China agreed to discuss the draft, which was diluted from earlier U.S. and French proposals to make it more palatable to Beijing and Moscow.

Senior foreign ministry officials from the six powers discussed the possibility of a new measures against Iran in a conference call on Wednesday.

Iran rejects Western charges that it is secretly developing atomic weapons and says the goal of its nuclear program is the generation of electricity and other peaceful activities. But Iran has defied five U.N. Security Council resolutions ordering it to cease uranium enrichment.

WHAT HAVE THE KEY PLAYERS DONE?

The United States, Britain, France and Germany exchanged ideas for weeks on a fourth round of U.N. sanctions before they agreed on the draft proposal prepared by Washington. That draft was sent to Russia and China weeks ago.

Russia and China have lucrative business ties with Tehran, which Western diplomats say is one of the main reasons Moscow and Beijing have been reluctant to support any punitive U.N. measures against Tehran.

Germany is not on the Security Council but the other five major powers have veto power on the council and can block any resolution.

Western officials involved in the six-power talks say Moscow has been losing patience with Tehran and will likely support new sanctions, although it opposes measures that it deems too tough, such as sanctions on Iran's energy sector.

Western diplomats say they are prepared to work hard to win over Beijing and Moscow, even if it means further diluting the proposed measures.

WHERE ARE SANCTIONS TALKS AT NOW?

The discussions were stalled for weeks but Britain's U.N. Ambassador Mark Lyall Grant and other Western diplomats said China had finally agreed to take part in talks.

The four Western powers would like to agree on a draft resolution they can submit to the full 15-nation Security Council as soon as possible. While they would like to get a resolution approved by next month, some diplomats say the process will likely take at least until June.

The negotiating process would take weeks. Russia and China are expected to try to water down proposed measures as they did with the three previous sanctions resolutions passed in 2006, 2007 and 2008, which Beijing and Moscow ultimately supported.

So far the issue is being handled by the six countries' capitals. If the six manage to agree on the wording of a draft resolution, negotiations will be taken over by U.N. missions in New York and the full Security Council will join in.

WHAT NEW U.N. SANCTIONS ARE BEING PROPOSED?

The latest draft, which dropped some tougher measures in earlier U.S. and French proposals, includes the following possible steps to:

– Ban the establishment of new Iranian banks abroad and bar foreign banks from setting up new operations in Iran;

– Urge vigilance of transactions linked to Iran's central bank, without officially blacklisting it as some of the Western powers had originally wanted. Banning transactions with the central bank would have made it almost impossible for any foreigners to invest in Iran;

– Expand existing limits on the weapons trade with Iran into a full arms embargo with an inspection regime similar to one in place for North Korea;

– Curtail insurance and reinsurance of cargo shipments to and from Iran;

– Expand the number of Iranian individuals and companies facing international travel bans and asset freezes, with a new focus on members of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and companies controlled by it;

– Authorize the inspection and seizure of suspicious cargo transported by the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines and other Iranian shipping firms;

The latest draft does not include sanctions against Iran's oil and gas sectors as an earlier French proposal had sought.

HOW HAVE RUSSIA AND CHINA REACTED?

Russia's initial reaction was negative, Western diplomats said. Among the measures it dislikes is the proposed arms embargo, although Russian officials indicated they could live with a call for "vigilance" over the weapons trade with Iran.

There are other measures Russia dislikes, the envoys said, because they are not directly related to Iran's nuclear program. Moscow would like any new measures to focus on Iran's nuclear and missile industries, as did the three previous sanctions resolutions the Security Council passed.

It is not clear how China reacted to the U.S. draft. Beijing has said repeatedly the time is not right for new sanctions but has joined Russia in putting pressure on Tehran to comply with U.N. demands about its nuclear program.

(Editing by John O'Callaghan)

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